Bridge énergies APPROVED BY FRANCE’S MINISTRY FOR THE ECOLOGICAL TRANSITION

PRUDENT NATIONAL OIL PRODUCTION


Energy and its use in France:

BREAKDOWN OF PRIMARY ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN FRANCE

TOTAL: 245 Mtoe in 2019 (raw data)

In % (data not adjusted for climate variations)

* RE: Renewable Energies.

** Mostly corresponds to nuclear power production, after subtracting the electricity export balance. Also included is hydraulic production from pumping performed by means of energy transfer stations, but this is still marginal compared to nuclear production.

*** Hydraulic, excluding pumping. Scope: All parts of France (including overseas territories).

Source: SDES, France’s energy balance

PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF OIL

TOTAL: 0.7 Mtoe in 2019

Scope: up until and including 2010, the geographical scope is mainland France. From 2011 onwards, it also includes the five French overseas départements (DOM).

Source: SDES (Data and Statistical Studies Service), France’s energy balance

On 1 January 2019, France’s reserves of crude oil (7.7 Mtoe) and of hydrocarbons extracted from natural gas (Lacq, 0.12 Mtoe) represented around ten and a half years of operations at the current pace (which is four months less than in 2018, and a year and a half less than in 2017), and nearly one and a half months of national consumption. In 2019, the petroleum produced in France only represented about 1% of the country’s consumption, the same as in previous years.

CONSUMPTION OF REFINED PRODUCTS*

PER SECTOR, TOTAL: 67.0 Mtoe in 2019

* Excluding biofuels and international marine/aviation bunkers.

** Consumption by the armed forces is included in the current balance, in the tertiary sector. Scope: up until and including 2010, the geographical scope is mainland France. From 2011 onwards, it also includes the five DOM. Source: SDES (Data and Statistical Studies Service), France’s energy balance

In 2019, France’s total consumption of refined petroleum products (excluding biofuels), in data adjusted for climate variations, was 67 Mtoe. It has fallen by 1.3% in a year, which is on a par with the trend observed since the mid-2000s, following a larger drop (of 3.5%) that occurred in 2018. This downward trend can largely be attributed to industry and to the residential and tertiary sectors, since petroleum use for transport has remained fairly stable since 1990. Households, businesses and administrations spent €89 billion on oil and gas products in 2018. More than three quarters of this sum was spent on meeting transportation needs.

OIL, AT OUR SERVICE EVERY DAY


MEDICINE

Modern medicine calls for petroleum products that cannot easily be replaced. Plastic is used in a wide range of medical devices, and petrochemical products play a role in manufacturing medication. Oil-based products include hospital equipment, infusion bags, aspirin, antihistamines, artificial limbs, dentures, hearing aids, heart valve prostheses and many more items.

HEALTH & BEAUTY

Many personal care products are derived from petroleum, including perfumes, hair dyes, cosmetics (e.g. lipstick, eye-shadow and blusher, foundation, mascara and eyeliner), hand creams, toothpaste, soap, shaving cream, deodorant, tights, combs, shampoo, glasses and contact lenses.

IN THE HOME

Our homes are bursting with products whose manufacture involves oil. This includes construction materials such as roof coverings and insulation materials, but also linoleum, furniture, white goods, and decorative items such as cushions, rugs, curtains and paint. Even everyday kitchen utensils such as crockery, glasses, non-stick pans and washing-up liquid are derived from oil.

FROM OIL TO EVERYDAY PRODUCTS

ELECTRONICS

Plastics and other petroleum-based products are used in electronic components because of their insulating properties and resistance to heat. From speakers and smartphones to computers, cameras and televisions, most electronic products are derived from petroleum.

SPORTS

Many sports goods contain petroleum products, such as basketballs, golf balls and bags, football helmets, surfboards, skis, tennis rackets and fishing rods.

TEXTILES

Many garments are made with petroleum-based fibers such as acrylic, rayon, artificial leather, polyester, nylon and spandex. Petrochemicals are even incorporated into shoes and handbags to make them lightweight, durable and waterproof.

OIL OPERATIONS IN THE CLIMATE PLAN CONTEXT


2017 LAW ON PHASING OUT HYDROCARBONS

Law No. 2017-1839 of 30 December 2017 putting an end to hydrocarbons exploration and exploitation, and enacting several provisions relating to energy and the environment, sets new conditions for our activity in practice:

  • No new exploration licenses for hydrocarbons will be granted, which brings an end to exploration for new reservoirs.
  • Existing leases will not be renewable beyond 2040 except for specific situations of converting operations to obtain a linked substance (e.g. sulfur or geothermal energy).
  • The ban on exploring for and exploiting oil and gas, including shale gas, is reinforced by adding the pro

© Bridge énergies – 
Conception Com’ à la Française.